Dr. Gulap Shahzada, Mazhar Ullah Dawar, Zakia Tanzeela Fatima
This study design is survey type which aimed to examine the perceived effect of the use of reinforcement on students’ academic achievement. The researcher used self-developed questionnaire for data collection. The researcher randomly selected 300 students of secondary school level in district Bannu through multi stage cluster sampling technique. Mean, Standard deviation, t-test, Pearson coefficient correlation were used for data analysis. Results showed that positive reinforcement played a positive role in motivation of students towards getting education while students did not feel easy with negative reinforcement. It is suggested that teacher may use all type of positive reinforcement and avoid negative reinforcement during teaching-learning process. This study helps us to gain first-hand information about the effect of reinforcement on students’ academic achievement and adds a multiple scale of reinforcement to the existing literature.
Keywords: Reinforcement, Secondary school level, Academic achievement, Correlation